Earth is bombarding the moon with oxygen

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Life on Earth may have made its mark on the moon billions of years before Neil Armstrong’s famous first step.

Observations by Japan’s moon-orbiting Kaguya spacecraft suggest that oxygen atoms from Earth’s upper atmosphere bombard the moon’s surface for a few days each month. This oxygen onslaught began in earnest around 2.4 billion years ago when photosynthetic microbes first flourished, planetary scientist Kentaro Terada of Osaka University in Japan and colleagues propose January 30 in Nature Astronomy.

The oxygen atoms begin their incredible journey in the upper atmosphere, where they are ionized by ultraviolet radiation, the researchers suggest. Electric fields or plasma waves accelerate the oxygen ions into the magnetic cocoon that envelops Earth. One side of that magnetosphere stretches away from the sun like a flag in the wind. For five days each lunar cycle, the moon passes through the magnetosphere and is barraged by earthly ions, including oxygen.

Based on Kaguya’s measurements of this space-traveling oxygen in 2008, Terada and colleagues estimate that at least 26,000 oxygen ions per second hit each square centimeter of the lunar surface during the five-day period. The uppermost lunar soil may, therefore, preserve bits of Earth’s ancient atmosphere, the researchers write, though determining which atoms blew over from Earth or the sun would be difficult.

 

Leaked Samsung Galaxy S8

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In the tech world, everyone is talking about Samsung’s new flagship – S8. The web and tech reviewers content are filled with Galaxy S8 rumors and it’s image leaks. Well, usually it’s an insider that shares about devices early, but maybe Samsung had done it already. Samsung may have inadvertently revealed the Galaxy S8’s design or maybe two versions of it.

Samsung had worked determinedly every time when it comes to its ‘Galaxy S’ series. Two official videos released by Samsung show the design of Galaxy S8. This device is expected to launch within next few months.

While advertising it’s Super AMOLED Display technology, Samsung used a reference device which was similar to one we see in rumors. Social media is going crazy as everyone wouldn’t expecting Samsung to expose the Galaxy S8 itself. Addidtion to this, if rumors comes true, then S8’s design will be very different from the Samsung devices we’ve seen so far.

Well, there are so many things or maybe clues in the video which are making us believe that the device is S8. First, we see the screen-to-body ratio is extremely small. Both left and right side have virtually no border. Meanwhile, thin borders are present at the top and bottom for feeding it’s logo and sensors. As we even written in one of our articles, physical home button is missing.

This new flagship is expected to launch in April. A little bit delay due to problems of Galaxy Note 7. As Galaxy Note 7 didn’t stay in the race, then Samsung may put every single effort in this device.

Check the video here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GetTzSSaTf0

 

The Best Smartphone in the World?

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Turing Robotic Industries (TRI) is a mobile manufacturer company which uses a decentralized authentication method to make mobile. They make more enhanced smartphones than normal smartphones. Now they have come with an awesome device which has incredible features.

The Android Police wrote that in a mailing list report, TRI has declared about their Turing Phone Cadenza and told that this will be the finest smartphone ever made. The CEO and Chief Architect of the company Steve Chao declared their upcoming smartphone is the work of TRI to put together the AI keen on smartphones.

They said that Cadenza will be launched in 2017. The features and the specifications of the phone are mind boggling as the company declares their device as the best smartphone in the world.

The model of Turing Phone Cadenza is overwhelming. It is power-driven by two Snapdragon 830 SoCs processors. It will have 60MP “Imax 6K Quad Rear Camera, Triplet Lens/T1.2”, a 20MP dual front camera and 12GB of DDR4X RAM. It will also include 512GB of internal storage with two MicroSD drop in, a 100Wh battery capacity with graphene and hydrogen fuel cells (lolwut), and will support four nano SIMs.

Turing Phone Cadenza will operate on Swordfish OS. Sailfish OS assures highly developed AI supported by surrounded characteristics which consist of a memory network and a neural network. The price of the device is yet not revealed.

Let’s see, if the phone will have all the above specifications when launched in the market. If this will actually happen then this will be the greatest achievements of the Turing Robotic Industries.

CES 2017: Winners and losers

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LAS VEGAS — CES is more than just a showcase of what the latest technology has to offer — it’s a cage match of competing tech trends. The gadgets and technologies we’ll be using tomorrow battle it out for our money and attention, and when the dust clears some inevitably come out on top.

This year’s CES had a lot to say about smart homes, self-driving cars, laptops and more. There’s a lot to be excited about in all those categories, but sometimes such rapid progress can leave some people behind. Here are the winners and losers of CES 2017:

WINNERS

Amazon

Anyone building a smart-home gadget couldn’t wait to tout its compatibility with Alexa, Amazon’s cloud-based digital assistant. Everyone saw that trend coming, but it was surprising just how powerful Alexa’s draw was — even brands who don’t make smart devices were excited to offer products, like wireless speakers, bundled with an Echo or Echo Dot. Amazon may be the most influential brand at CES 2017 to have no official presence on the show floor.

Minimalism

TVs have been thin for a long time, but not this thin. LG’s Wallpaper TV is so thin that it makes an iPhone look fat. Thanks to OLED tech, which has self-illuminating pixels, the panels can literally be paper-thin, and they’re light, too — the 77-inch model weighs just 27 pounds. LCDs are pretty austere, too, with super-tiny bezels now the norm. And short-throw projectors and transparent displays are making the TV disappear altogether.

Laptops

In contrast to TVs, laptops are getting big again. Models from Razer, Lenovo, Acer and others prioritize performance and gimmicks over form factor. Virtual reality is partly to blame for this trend — if you need massive graphics power, it’s hard to build a slim computer. But there’s also a renewed sense of experimentation, with Razer’s three-screened Project Valerie and Acer’s beast of a laptop with a curved screen turning heads for their strange designs. If you want one of these, be sure to hit the gym

Personal health

CES had its share of ridiculous wearables, certainly. But many of the single-purpose health gadgets — like smart hearing aids and noninvasive blood analyzers — could really help people with specific conditions. And after you get past the oddness of devices like a smart breast pump, you can appreciate just how useful it could be to new moms. The rise of “treatables” is a trend worth getting behind.

LOSERS

Everybody who isn’t Amazon

Remember when Apple HomeKit was the sexy smart-home tech? Neither do most of the manufacturers in the field, it seems, as few — if any — played up their devices’ compatibility with Apple Home. Google Home wasn’t much of a presence either, although it’s early days for that platform and it wasn’t entirely absent. Other players are still around, but it seems Alexa has a monopoly on all of the momentum.

Phones

The smartphone is still the gateway to our digital lives, but you’d never know it from looking at CES 2017. Almost no major phone announcements happen at CES anymore, with Huawei boldly making an exception this year. Whether it’s market consolidation, slowing upgrade cycles or just a down year, mobile wasn’t part of the conversation at CES.

Privacy

Smart devices, often powered by AI, can create amazing experiences, but by their nature, they need to gather data about you, and that data can sometimes end up serving a different purpose. Whether it’s marketers wanting to sell you something, or worse, hackers wanting to steal your identity, the information from your smart gadgets is a target — one that didn’t exist before. As the Internet of Things gets more things, guarding your data is more important than ever.

 

Major freeze in Europe

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A warm, freshwater mass rises and moves north across the Atlantic Ocean.

It’s headed toward the Arctic. There, frigid winds will scrape heat and liquid from its surface and it will sink, colder, saltier, and denser to the ocean bottom — and begin a slow journey back toward the lower latitudes, sliding under more warm water headed north.

All that heat scraped from its surface reshapes the local climate. It enters the atmosphere of the North Atlantic, slow-cooking the weather of places like Iceland, Britain, and northern Europe. That’s a big part of the reason those regions are, if not toasty, livable.

The cycle of fresher, warmer water moving north over southbound saltier, denser, colder water in the North Atlantic is called the AMOC (or Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation). It’s part of a complex, three-dimensional global system, driven by differences in salinity, density, and temperature, that circulates heat and matter through the world’s deep oceans.

It’s also changing. In a trend dating back to 2004, the AMOC has declined to about two-thirds of its former strength, which may have lead to some harsh winters in the UK and western Europe. A few scientists have even raised the spectre of a total AMOC collapse — a paradoxical warming scenario that would lead to far-harsher winters and expanding ice sheets in the North Atlantic. It would be a paradoxical, but not impossible, consequence of a warming climate.

In a paper published in Science Advances, Yale geophysicist Wei Liu and his coauthors demonstrate what they say is a significant bias in existing climate models toward AMOC stability, and show how increased heat and CO2 in the atmosphere could directly lead to AMOC collapse.

The result? Even as the rest of the world heats up, parts of Europe could see significant annual cooling over a period of several hundred years.

Liu cautions that this finding is still based on a single model. Rather than work from a steady increase in CO2 over a period of decades, he and his coauthors used a simple doubling of C02 all at once, after which it remains constant in the atmosphere.

That’s a rougher model, but its results are significant enough to point the way toward future research. Liu said the next step for researchers is to run similar experiments across a diverse range of complex models. More model data will shine a brighter light on just how likely a total AMOC collapse is, what regions would be impacted, and how soon it could happen.

 

Predictions for 2017: what will happen in science world?

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Fight with climate change

If Donald Trump will still think that global warming is a hoax, then China, which produces most of the greenhouse gases, will be a leader in a fight with the climate change. For the last 3 years greenhouse gas emission stays stable and scientists hope that during 2017 gas emission will drop, because of eco-friendly technologies.

Presents from space

China’s “Chang’e-5” mission program will bring some samples from the Moon. If mission will be successful, 2 kilograms of rocks and soil samples would help to understand Moon’s formation and evolution better. Furthermore, on September we will say goodbye to a NASA’s “Cassini”, which will fly through Saturn’s inner rings. Scientist hope that probe will be able to send some magnificent pictures before its crash.

Black hole’s event horizon

On April scientists will try to take a picture of black hole’s event horizon- boundary, where gravitation is so strong that even photons cannot pass. For this job, scientists will use 9 radio telescopes, which will be connected into one system. Telescope will explore super massive black, which is located in the center of the Milky Way. If everything goes according to plan, scientist will be able to prove general theory of relativity and broaden our understanding how black holes behave.

T lymphocyte

In 2017 there is an expectation of the first in the history of the medical complex anti-cancer immunotherapy method, called the CAR-T application. CAR-T genetically modifies patient’s immune cells- T lymphocyte- which are then used to combat cancer. Although there is some concern about the treatment’s toxicity. However, it is likely that it will be adopted in 2017 and will be used as a last resort treatment option for people with leukemia and lymphoma.

Ninth planet

Solar System’s object’s rotation research will help to identify the theory of Ninth planet’s existence. While Ninth planet is still just a theory, it is known that there is a massive object, which rotate around our Sun once in a 20 000 years. Till 2016 practically nothing was known about the existence of this planet, but studies of Kuiper belt object movements have shown that Ninth planet exists. In addition, the “Planet Hunt” will continue outside the solar system- NASA’s space telescope in December will raise Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite.